Roles of U.S. Department Of Justice in the United States Legal System

Structure of the Department of Justice

The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) is a government agency whose main responsibility is enforcing United States federal government laws. It is based in the executive branch of the U.S government, the Cabinet. DOJ protects citizens by preventing crime, managing the federal prison system and from domestic and foreign threats such as terrorism. There are numerous high level law enforcement agencies who work under the Department of Justice. They include: Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), Drug Enforcement Agency that deals with drug trafficking, US Marshals who maintain law and order, and Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearm bureau that deal with illegal trafficking of alcohol and tobacco and unlawful possession of firearms. The Attorney General who is United States’ government top lawyer and main legal advice to the president heads the DOJ. The second legal officer in command at the DOJ is the Solicitor General who is also tasked with representing the U.S government in legal proceeding before the nation’s Supreme Court. DOJ employs more than one hundred thousand lawyers, law enforcement officers and other special agents to help it execute its law enforcement portfolio.

Department of Justice law enforcement role

It relies on the FBI as its top law enforcement agency. The bureau has resident agencies and field officers in all the major cities whose main duty is investigating crime and burst criminal networks. The US Marshals Service is another agency that directly deals with criminals. Since its establishment in 1989 it has been tasked with providing security to federal courts, management of Witness Protection Program, guarding prisoners on transit and bringing to justice federal fugitives. The other two departments deal with drug offenders. They are: Drug Enforcement Administration and Organized Crime and Drug Enforcement Task Force.

Department of Justice prisoners administration

The federal prison is administered by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). BOP is charged with the wellbeing of all prisoners in the 114 prisons in both public and private prisons and enforcing federal executions of prisoners on death row. The Federal Detention Trustee oversees the safety and security of prisoners while US Parole Commission determines the prisoners to be released on parole.

Department of Justice attorneys role

DOJ oversees the work of all the US attorneys who work under the direction of the Attorney General. DOJ also runs the Office of Professional Responsibility that adjudicates on all professional misconduct claims against US attorneys.

Department of Justice spying role

DOJ through its department, the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court investigates the conduct of foreigners in the USA who may be suspected of threatening national security. The National Security Division deals with espionage and counter-terrorism.

Department of Justice law international role

The International Police, INTERPOL is aided by the department of Justice to investigate international crimes through its office, US National Central Bureau of INTERPOL. INTERPOL requests the USNCB for communication clearance while pursuing international terrorists, drug offenders and fugitives in the USA. Lastly, the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission determines the compensation to be given to US nationals in foreign countries for personal injury or property loss claims.

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September 1, 2014